The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Emergency Management Office (CMEMO) is a function of the City of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County assigned to the Charlotte Fire Department for day-to-day supervision. The Emergency Management Office is responsible for planning, orchestrating, and coordinating the community's resources and efforts in preparation for, response to, and recovery from all hazards, both natural and man-made disasters. The Emergency Management Office serves as an advisory and coordination entity to ensure that all parts of the emergency response and recovery processes operate towards a common goal and a common operating picture.
The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Emergency Management Office (CMEMO) is staffed with a Director, a Hazardous Materials Coordinator, two Emergency Management Planners, a Financial/Grant Officer, and a Special Operations Coordination Officer.
CMEMO is responsible for performing technical work in the development, implementation, and management of countywide disaster preparedness, response, recovery, mitigation, risk reduction, and prevention. Emergency Management is responsible for maintaining the County Emergency Operations Plan (EOP), the Hazard Mitigation Plan (HMP), the Uptown Evacuation Plan and other plans that prepare the City and County for hazards of all types. This task is accomplished through a partnership built on a platform of cooperation and coordination with various local governments, non-profit agencies, private sector companies, and faith based organizations.
CMEMO maintains the County's hazardous materials program. The Hazardous Materials Coordinator works closely with the Charlotte Fire Department's (CFD) Hazardous Materials (HazMat) Team to respond to all hazardous materials incidents in the City. In addition to serving the City, the CFD HazMat team is also a member of the NC Regional Response Team (RRT) which responds to large hazardous material incidents throughout the state when requested. CMEMO also manages the Tier II program for Mecklenburg County. This Federal program requires all businesses, governmental and private sector, to report their chemical inventories annually. In accordance with the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA), facilities must submit an Emergency and Hazardous Chemical Inventory Form to the Local Emergency Planning Committee (LEPC), the State Emergency Response Commission (SERC), and the local fire department annually. CMEMO serves as the local reporting entity for both the LEPC and the local fire departments within Mecklenburg County.
The Emergency Management team manages and coordinates the county's Emergency Operations Center (EOC). The EOC fuctions as the strategic overview, or "big picture", coordination center during a disaster, coordinating resources but not directly controlling field assets. The EOC is responsible for collecting, gathering, and analyzing data; making decisions that protect life and property, maintaining a common operating picture among all partners, maintaining continuity of operations, and coordination and cooperation among all stakeholders.
The EOC gathers and processes information to and from county agencies, municipalities, school and special districts, business and industry, volunteer organizations, individuals, and state and federal government agencies. Through the use of a virtual EOC, public and private organizations can communicate with the EOC without relocating from their operational area.
The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Emergency Management Office maintains the Fixed Nuclear Facility (FNF) Emergency Preparedness Program for the two nuclear facilities in the vicinity of Mecklenburg County. Charlotte-Mecklenburg authorities work very closely with Duke Energy to maintain the highest level of emergency preparedness for both the McGuire and Catawba Nuclear Power Plants.