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Meck County MAPs

MECKLENBURG COUNTY MITIGATION ACTION PLAN

 

Risk

vs.

Capability

HAZARD RISK

 
 

Limited

Moderate

High

 

OVERALL CAPABILITY

High

 

 

ü

 

Moderate

 

 

 

 

Limited

 

 

 

 

 

2015 MITIGATION ACTIONS

 

Mecklenburg County

MITIGATION ACTION 1

Provide public education to the general public regarding solar events and their potential impacts on the community.

Mitigation Goal:

#2

Mitigation Category:

Public Education and Awareness

Hazard(s) Addressed:

Solar Events

Priority (High, Moderate, Low):

Moderate

Estimated Cost:

N/A

Potential Funding Sources:

N/A

Lead Agency/Department Responsible:

Charlotte-Mecklenburg Emergency Management

Implementation Schedule:

Over the next 5 years

     

 

Mecklenburg County

MITIGATION ACTION 2

Participate in the Infragard National EMP SIG table-top exercise and 1-day summit which addresses any high-impact threat that could cause long-term nationwide collapse of critical infrastructure.

Mitigation Goal:

#3; #4

Mitigation Category:

Emergency Services

Hazard(s) Addressed:

Solar Events; All

Priority (High, Moderate, Low):

Moderate

Estimated Cost:

N/A

Potential Funding Sources:

N/A

Lead Agency/Department Responsible:

Charlotte-Mecklenburg Emergency Management

Implementation Schedule:

December 2015

     

 

Mecklenburg County

MITIGATION ACTION 3

Build relationships and coordination with critical infrastructure partners, specifically power, utilities, and communications to build local resilience.

Mitigation Goal:

#1

Mitigation Category:

Property Protection

Hazard(s) Addressed:

Solar Events; All

Priority (High, Moderate, Low):

Moderate

Estimated Cost:

N/A

Potential Funding Sources:

N/A

Lead Agency/Department Responsible:

Charlotte-Mecklenburg Emergency Management

Implementation Schedule:

Over the next 5 years

     

 

STATUS UPDATE FOR 2010 MITIGATION ACTIONS

 

Mecklenburg County

MITIGATION ACTION 1

Maintain continued compliance with the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) through implementation and periodic evaluation of the following higher regulatory standards (in addition to basic required compliance actions):

a)    Development standards linked to Community Floodplain (Future Conditions)

b)    Require critical facilities protection to 500-year flood levels

c)    Require parking lots to be elevated (no more than six inches deep in any parking space during Community Flood event)

d)    Require dry land access for new or substantially improved buildings (above Community Flood BFE)

e)    Levee restrictions

f)     Cumulative substantial damage improvement provision

g)    Prohibit basements below flood level on filled lots

Mitigation Goal:

#5

Mitigation Category:

Prevention

Hazard(s) Addressed:

Flood

Priority (High, Moderate, Low):

High

Estimated Cost:

Local staff time

Potential Funding Sources:

N/A

Lead Agency/Department Responsible:

MCSWSCMSWS

Implementation Schedule:

Continuous, 2015-2020

2015 Status Update:

In Progress.  Higher standards were enforced for all new construction in Charlotte-Mecklenburg and the surrounding towns by the Storm Water Permitting & Compliance Program within the County’s Water & Land Resources Division.  Where applicable, increases in BFEs were incorporated as remapping projects reached preliminary status.

 

Local ordinances were updated to incorporate results of remapping projects and in response to comments received during the September 2011 FEMA/NCEM Community Assistance Visit (CAV).

     

 

Mecklenburg County

MITIGATION ACTION 2

Continue participation in the NFIP Community Rating System (CRS) with the goal of increasing CRS credit points to become a Class 5 community or better within five years.

Mitigation Goal:

#5

Mitigation Category:

Prevention

Hazard(s) Addressed:

Flood

Priority (High, Moderate, Low):

High

Estimated Cost:

Local staff time

Potential Funding Sources:

N/A

Lead Agency/Department Responsible:

MCSWSCMSWS

Implementation Schedule:

Continuous, 2015-2020

2015 Status Update:

In Progress.  Maintained programs to remain Class 6.  Researched impacts of 2013 manual to determine if class change is possible. 

     

 

Mecklenburg County

MITIGATION ACTION 3

Complete and begin implementation of detailed Flood Hazard Mitigation Plan which will identify specific mitigation options based on risk factor scoring utilizing public and private funding.

Mitigation Goal:

#1

Mitigation Category:

Property Protection

Hazard(s) Addressed:

Flood

Priority (High, Moderate, Low):

High

Estimated Cost:

$100,000

Potential Funding Sources:

FMA Grant / Local Funding

Lead Agency/Department Responsible:

CMSWS

Implementation Schedule:

Plan completed FY2014, implementation began with FY2015 capital program.  Continue annually 2015 to 2020

2015 Status Update:

Completed/To Be Continued.  The Mecklenburg County Flood Risk Assessment and Risk Reduction Tool (RARRT) is now used to guide local mitigation program actions.  Flood risk scores, mitigation priority scores and planning level mitigation techniques were developed for all buildings with property touching the floodplain with updated floodplain maps.  This covers 2/3 of the county.  The remaining buildings will be scored when non-regulatory data is finalized in 2015.  This data is now used to develop and prioritize local mitigation efforts.

     

 

Mecklenburg County

MITIGATION ACTION 4

Enhance FloodZone website to better convey risk and mitigation alternatives.

Mitigation Goal:

#2

Mitigation Category:

Public Education and Awareness

Hazard(s) Addressed:

Flood

Priority (High, Moderate, Low):

High

Estimated Cost:

N/A

Potential Funding Sources:

Local Funding

Lead Agency/Department Responsible:

MCSWSCMSWS

Implementation Schedule:

Expect completion in 2016 when Phase III remapping becomes effective

2015 Status Update:

Completed.  Major revisions to the FloodZone 3D website were completed in Summer 2014.  The website is now mobile friendly.  The revisions incorporate tools to allow property owners to get a better idea of their actual risk.  In addition the website will display a list of mitigation alternatives for homeowners to consider reducing future damage from flooding.

     

 

Mecklenburg County

MITIGATION ACTION 5

Inform public of flood risk by sending annual newsletter to owners of all buildings in floodplain. 

Mitigation Goal:

#2

Mitigation Category:

Public Education and Awareness

Hazard(s) Addressed:

Flood

Priority (High, Moderate, Low):

High

Estimated Cost:

$10,000

Potential Funding Sources:

Local Funding

Lead Agency/Department Responsible:

MCSWSCMSWS

Implementation Schedule:

Annually, each Spring, 2015-2020

2015 Status Update:

Completed/To Be Continued.  Annual “Floodplain Flash” newsletter most recently mailed in April 2014 to owners of over 5,000 flood-prone buildings.

     

 

Mecklenburg County

MITIGATION ACTION 6

Research possibility of using new H&H models to provide flood forecasting in the Flood Information Notification System (FINS).

Mitigation Goal:

#4

Mitigation Category:

Emergency Services

Hazard(s) Addressed:

Flood

Priority (High, Moderate, Low):

High

Estimated Cost:

$50,000

Potential Funding Sources:

Local Funding

Lead Agency/Department Responsible:

MCSWSCMSWS

Implementation Schedule:

Research/feasibility completed 2010.  Forecasting tool development subject to FIRM remapping project for development of new H&H models.  

2015 Status Update:

In Progress.  Flood forecast tools have been developed for basins in Phases I & II of FIRM remapping program.  Forecast testing and verification delayed by personnel turn over, planned for FY 16.

     

 

Mecklenburg County

MITIGATION ACTION 7

Research possibility of FINS system to provide inundation mapping based on results of Mitigation Action 6 above.

Mitigation Goal:

#4

Mitigation Category:

Emergency Services

Hazard(s) Addressed:

Flood

Priority (High, Moderate, Low):

Moderate

Estimated Cost:

$50,000

Potential Funding Sources:

Local

Lead Agency/Department Responsible:

MCSWSCMSWS

Implementation Schedule:

Research complete Spring 2011

2015 Status Update:

In Progress.  Implemented inundation mapping in proximity of 10 stream gages.  Plan to explore alternate methods and expand to other locations in FY 17.

     

 

Mecklenburg County

MITIGATION ACTION 8

Update Flood Insurance Rate Maps to provide most accurate depiction of flood risk.

Mitigation Goal:

#2

Mitigation Category:

Public Education and Awareness

Hazard(s) Addressed:

Flood

Priority (High, Moderate, Low):

High

Estimated Cost:

$350,000

Potential Funding Sources:

CTP and Local Funds

Lead Agency/Department Responsible:

MCSWSCMSWS

Implementation Schedule:

Expect substantial completion in 2016 when Phase III remapping becomes effective.

2015 Status Update:

In Progress.  Phase I maps, covering central and southern Mecklenburg, became effective February 19, 2014.  Phase II maps, covering western Mecklenburg, are currently in preliminary status, expected to be effective October 2015.  Phase III maps, covering northeast Mecklenburg, are draft status now, expected to become effective in 2016.  Phase IV, covering Catawba River, is being studied by North Carolina Floodplain Mapping Program, effective date not known.

     

 

Mecklenburg County

MITIGATION ACTION 9

Complete flood mitigation projects (acquisitions, elevations), with FEMA-defined and locally verified “repetitive loss properties” receiving high priority.

Mitigation Goal:

#1

Mitigation Category:

Property Protection

Hazard(s) Addressed:

Flood

Priority (High, Moderate, Low):

High

Estimated Cost:

$5,000,000

Potential Funding Sources:

FEMA mitigation grant programs (HMGP, PDM, FMA, RFC, SRL) and Local Funds

Lead Agency/Department Responsible:

MCSWSCMSWS

Implementation Schedule:

Annually 2015-2020, projects defined at beginning of fiscal year and contracted/expanded based on actual owner participation

2015 Status Update:

Completed/To Be Continued.  One hundred properties with approximately 130 homes/apartments and 5 commercial establishments acquired in 2010–2015 period using local funding supplemented with Flood Mitigation Assistance & Pre-Disaster Mitigation grants.  No publically funded elevation projects completed.  Federal FY 14 grant cycle application approved to acquire four severe repetitive loss single-family residences.  Grant award expected in calendar year 2015.

     

 

Mecklenburg County

MITIGATION ACTION 10

As determined necessary and upon request from municipal jurisdictions, provide informative presentations and/or work sessions for newly elected officials and new appointees to planning commissions and appeals/variance boards to provide an overview of floodplain management, the importance of participating in the NFIP, and the implications of failing to enforce the requirements of the program or failing to properly handle variance requests.

Mitigation Goal:

#2 and #3

Mitigation Category:

Prevention

Hazard(s) Addressed:

Flood, Dam/Levee Failure

Priority (High, Moderate, Low):

Moderate

Estimated Cost:

Local staff time and resources

Potential Funding Sources:

N/A

Lead Agency/Department Responsible:

MCSWSCMSWS

Implementation Schedule:

As required/requested 2015 to 2020.  CMSWS scheduled to participate in April 2015 regional series “Stormwater for Elected Officials” sponsored by UNC Charlotte IDEAS Center and the Regional Stormwater Partnership.

2015 Status Update:

To Be Continued.  Floodplain Administrator routinely available to address County Commissioners as well as City and Town Councils regarding floodplain management issues.  Elected officials briefed on flood mitigation initiatives through formal presentations and written materials directed at both groups and individuals.

     

 

Mecklenburg County

MITIGATION ACTION 11

On an annual basis, coordinate with Charlotte-Mecklenburg Emergency Management on a widespread public outreach activity to provide information on all natural hazards facing the area to local residents, including methods for preventing damages from hazardous conditions and how to respond when an imminent hazard threatens.

Mitigation Goal:

#2

Mitigation Category:

Public Education & Awareness

Hazard(s) Addressed:

Flood, Hurricanes and Tropical Storms, Severe Thunderstorms, Tornadoes, Winter Storms, Earthquakes, Landslides, Sinkholes, Drought, Wildfire, Dam/Levee Failure

Priority (High, Moderate, Low):

Moderate

Estimated Cost:

Local staff time and resources

Potential Funding Sources:

N/A

Lead Agency/Department Responsible:

MCSWSCMSWS, in coordination with CMEMO (Lead)

Implementation Schedule:

Annually 2015-2020

2015 Status Update:

Completed/To Be Continued.  Charlotte Fire Department, Charlotte-Mecklenburg Emergency Management and Charlotte-Mecklenburg Storm Water Services partnered in 2012 to promote ARK (Awareness, Responsibility and Knowledge) to brand before and during storm event messages.  “Turn-around-don’t drown” jingle was introduced in 2013 and repeated successfully 2014.

     

 

Mecklenburg County

MITIGATION ACTION 12

On an annual basis, coordinate with Charlotte-Mecklenburg Emergency Management to provide information on all natural hazards facing the area to local planning staff and elected officials.  This should be combined with an annual progress report on the status of local mitigation actions as identified in the Multi-jurisdictional Hazard Mitigation Plan.

Mitigation Goal:

#5

Mitigation Category:

Public Education & Awareness

Hazard(s) Addressed:

Flood, Hurricanes and Tropical Storms, Severe Thunderstorms, Tornadoes, Winter Storms, Earthquakes, Landslides, Sinkholes, Drought, Wildfire, Dam/Levee Failure

Priority (High, Moderate, Low):

Moderate

Estimated Cost:

Local staff time and resources

Potential Funding Sources:

N/A

Lead Agency/Department Responsible:

MCSWSCMSWS, in coordination with CMEMO (Lead)

Implementation Schedule:

Annual 2015-2020

2015 Status Update:

Completed/To Be Continued.  Annual progress report with mitigation action item updates presented to Mecklenburg Board of County Commissioners, typically in month of December.

     

 

STATUS UPDATE FOR ONGOING 2005 MITIGATION ACTIONS

 

Mecklenburg County

MITIGATION ACTION 1

Enhance automated flood warning system to include forecasting and inundation mapping.

Category:

Warning

Hazard(s) Addressed:

Flood, Severe Thunderstorms

Priority (High, Moderate, Low):

High

Estimated Cost:

Unknown

Potential Funding Sources:

Department of Commerce (NOAA) – Automated Flood Warning System, Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) program (technical assistance, planning), Map Modernization Program, Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP), Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM) program

Lead Agency/Department Responsible:

Mecklenburg CountyStorm Water Services, City of Charlotte Fire Department

Implementation Schedule:

24 months

2010 Status Update:

Partially Completed / Ongoing.  Research into feasibility of forecasting and inundation mapping completed.   Next step will be design and implementation of the forecasting module.  Further analysis is needed on inundation mapping.

2015 Status Update:

See 2010 Mitigation Actions 6 & 7 above for current status.  This action will be deleted from the next plan update.

     

 

Mecklenburg County

MITIGATION ACTION 2

Gather and disseminate more information from Duke Power on lake levels and storage capacity.

Category:

Warning

Hazard(s) Addressed:

Flood, Severe Thunderstorms, Hurricanes and Tropical Storms

Priority (High, Moderate, Low):

High

Estimated Cost:

Staff time and resources

Potential Funding Sources:

NA, Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) program (technical assistance, planning), Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP), Flood Recovery Mapping (post-disaster)

Lead Agency/Department Responsible:

Mecklenburg CountyStorm Water Services

Implementation Schedule:

Ongoing

2010 Status Update:

Completed / Ongoing.  Duke Energy has agreed to release lake level data and work with Charlotte-Mecklenburg Emergency Management when flooding threatens.

2015 Status Update:

Completed/To Be Continued.  CMSWS and Mecklenburg County Emergency Management are now participating in annual Duke-sponsored tabletop exercise for Catawba basin emergency managers. 

     

 

Mecklenburg County

MITIGATION ACTION 3

Acquire or elevate flood-prone structures.

Category:

Mitigation Project

Hazard(s) Addressed:

Flood

Priority (High, Moderate, Low):

High

Estimated Cost:

Cost based on the number and type of structures

Potential Funding Sources:

Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM) program, Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP), Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) program, Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program, National Flood Insurance Program—Increased Cost of Compliance (ICC)

Lead Agency/Department Responsible:

Mecklenburg CountyStorm Water Services

Implementation Schedule:

Ongoing

2010 Status Update:

Completed / Ongoing.  Acquired 70 flood prone buildings since 2005.

2015 Status Update:

See 2010 Mitigation Action Item 9 above for current status.  This action will be deleted from the next plan update.

     

 

Mecklenburg County

MITIGATION ACTION 4

Floodproofing of non-residential buildings.

Category:

Mitigation Project

Hazard(s) Addressed:

Flood

Priority (High, Moderate, Low):

High

Estimated Cost:

Cost based on the number and type of structures

Potential Funding Sources:

Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM) program, Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP), Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) program, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers—Planning Assistance to States, Economic Development Administration, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers—Floodplain Management Services

Lead Agency/Department Responsible:

Mecklenburg CountyStorm Water Services

Implementation Schedule:

Ongoing

2010 Status Update:

Deferred.  Mecklenburg County Mitigation Plan Summary Report ranks all potential mitigation actions in Charlotte/Mecklenburg.  At this point in time, flood proofing is not a recommended mitigation technique for this year.  It may come forward in later years.  No buildings have been floodproofed this year. 

2015 Status Update:

In Progress.  Obtained regulatory approval in 2014 to assist individual property owners with flood risk reduction projects using utility fee revenue.  Currently developing pilot project to identify and partially fund various mitigation projects using techniques such as floodproofing.  Plan to implement pilot in FY 16.

     

 

STATUS UPDATE FOR ACTIONS TRANSFERRED FROM CITY OF CHARLOTTE MITIGATION ACTION PLAN (2008)

 

Mecklenburg County

MITIGATION ACTION 5

Digitize smaller, non-FEMA floodplains (100+ areas) into county GIS and display on the Internet.

Category:

Education and Outreach

Hazard(s) Addressed:

Flood

Priority (High, Moderate, Low):

Moderate

Estimated Cost:

$10,000

Potential Funding Sources:

Storm Water Services budget, Map Modernization Program, Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) program (technical assistance), Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP), Flood Recovery Mapping (post-disaster)

Lead Agency/Department Responsible:

Mecklenburg CountyStorm Water Services

Implementation Schedule:

12 months

2010 Status Update:

Deferred to City of Charlotte.  Action item #5 is a major undertaking requiring coordination between City and County Storm Water and Land Development sections.  The project continues to be researched further as a component to Action item #9 in the City of Charlotte’s 2010 Mitigation Action Plan.  If feasible, staff will probably need to phase its implementation and it will likely be a multi-year, ongoing project.

2015 Status Update:

See City of Charlotte 2010 Mitigation Action 13.  This action will be deleted from the next plan update.

     

 

Mecklenburg County

MITIGATION ACTION 7

Promote better coordination between floodplain management branch and building code officials through the hosting of a semi-annual meeting.

Category:

Planning and Policy

Hazard(s) Addressed:

Flood

Priority (High, Moderate, Low):

Moderate

Estimated Cost:

Staff time and resources

Potential Funding Sources:

NA

Lead Agency/Department Responsible:

Mecklenburg CountyStorm Water Services

Implementation Schedule:

24 months to start, ongoing

2010 Status Update:

Completed / Ongoing.  Mecklenburg County LUESA, Code Enforcement and Flood Mitigation staff meets annually.

2015 Status Update:

In Progress.  No routine coordination meetings currently scheduled.  Recent coordination meetings with building code officials have been driven by implementation of electronic plan review process.

     

 

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